Introduction to Romans


1. Paul's Own -- his priestly ministry of preparing the
   Gentiles to be an acceptable offering to God (15:16)
2. To present an exposition of justification by faith
3. To ask the Roman church for missionary support (15:24)
4. To promote unity among the Christians at Rome.
   a. Chapters 1-11 lay a logical foundation
   b. Emphasis of hortatory superstructure
      1) different members have different gifts (12:3-8)
      2) the debt of love (13:8-10)
      3) subject of the longest section (14:1-15:13)
   c. written very boldly (15:15)
   d. final appeal -- take note of those who create
                      dissensions and snares (16:17)


  I. Epistolary Beginning
   A. From                      (1:1-6)
   B. To                        (1:7a)
   C. Greeting                  (1:7b)
   D. Prayer                    (1:8-15)
 II. Body of Letter
   A. Thesis                    (1:16-17)
   B. Expository Foundation     (1:18-11:36)
   C. Hortatory Superstructure  (12:1-15:13)
III. Conclusion
   A. Reason for writing        (15:14-21)
   B. Paul's plans              (15:22-33)
   C. Commendation of Phoebe    (16:1-2)
   D. Greetings
      1. To those at Rome       (16:3-16)
      2. Final appeal           (16:17-20)
      3. From those with Paul   (16:21-23)
   E. Doxology                  (16:25-27)


A. Living Sacrifice                       (12:1-2)
B. Different Gifts                        (12:3-8)
C. Various Exhortation                    (12:9-21)
D. The Governing Authorities              (13:1-7)
E. The Debt of Love                       (13:8-10)
F. Living for the Coming Daytime          (13:11-14)
G. Christian Unity                        (14:1-15:13)
   1. Don't despise or judge your brother (14:1-12)
   2. Don't cause your brother to stumble (14:13-23)
   3. Follow Christ's example             (15:1-13)


POINT 1: People cannot be justified by their own righteousness.
  A. God gave up to sin those wicked men who do not honor Him
  B. God will judge all men on the same basis (2:1-16)
  C. The Jews break the law too (2:17-3:8)
  D. Summary -- None is righteous (3:9-20, esp. 3:10)

POINT 2: We are made right with God through faith in Jesus
  A. Statement of point (3:21-26)
  B. Ramifications -- exclusion of boasting and justification
     by works of law (3:27-31)
  C. Proof -- faith reckoned as righteousness
     1. example of Abraham (4:1-5)
     2. example of David (4:6-8)
     3. not dependent on circumcision (4:9-12)
     4. not dependent on law (4:13-15)
     5. the faith of Abraham (4:16-25)
     note: justified by faith is literally declared
           righteous out of faith; faith reckoned as
           righteousness is literally faith reckoned
           into righteousness
  D. Results
     1. peace, joy, etc. (5:1-5)
     2. reconciliation by Christ (5:6-11)
  E. Summary -- death through sin; life through Christ (5:12-21)

POINT 3: This does not mean that we continue in sin.
  A. Statement of Problem (6:1)
  B. Answer
     1. we have died to sin (6:2-14) note: "under law" means
        "trying to be saved by keeping the law"; cf. I Cor.
        9:21 "'within' the law of Christ"
     2. we are slaves of God, not of sin (6:15-23)
     3. we are married to Christ, not to law (7:1-5)
     4. the self leads to sin and death (7:7-25) note: I, me,
        myself, my -- 25 times 1st person verb -- 26 times
        (20 not modified by "I") thus 45 references to self
     5. the Spirit sets me free from the law of sin and death
     6. nothing can separate us from God's love (8:31-39)
        note: we are super-conquering (8:37)

POINT 4: The fact that Israel has rejected Christ does not mean
         that justification is not by faith.
  A. Introduction -- Paul's concern for Israel (9:1-5)
  B. Not all descended from Israel are chosen (9:6-29)
  C. Israel was stubborn, pursuing righteousness through works
  D. Some Israelites (the chosen remnant) have obtained
     salvation (11:1-10)
  E. Israel can and will still be saved (11:11-32)
  F. Doxology (11:33-36)

Bruce Terry's Home Page
Bruce Terry's Home Page   Index Page hosted at
Last updated on October 7, 2007
Page maintained by — Copyright © 2003 Bruce Terry